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On May 22, 2007 the International conference “Animal husbandry and poultry farming: modern trends and Russian market” continued its work within the framework of the International exhibition “Meat & Poultry Industry / VIV Russia 2007” and “Refrigeration Te


Conference hall No.1

Section session


Modern problems relating to food safety during the processes of production and realization of the poultry products

Serguei Kozak, Chief of the Laboratory for Assessment of Sanitary Condition of Raw Materials and Products at the All-Russia Research Institute of the Poultry-processing Industry

The population growth aggravates the problems associated with supply of foodstuffs (especially in developing countries). The poultry industry can relatively quickly ensure the provision of the population with the most deficient foodstuffs, i.e. products containing animal proteins. Besides it at present the population of civilized countries tends to reduce the content of unsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol in the diet. Therefore the annual production of poultry meat continues to increase in volume.

At the same time the requirements imposed by modern consumers continue to change and the society pays more and more attention to the problems associated with the production of foodstuffs, sanitary conditions, in which they are processed, content of harmful admixtures, genetically modified sources and dissemination of diseases through foodstuffs. Consumers need safe products, which can be quickly cooked.

The focus on determinants of safety of foodstuffs can be regarded as a significant modern trend and the suppliers have to meet this requirement of consumers.

At all stages of the production process a number of factors influence the safety of poultry meat (compliance with sanitary rules, sanitary processing of equipment and premises, disinfection of transport vehicles, human behavior, personal cleanliness, rodents, wild and synanthropic birds, etc.). Other factors occur only at some of the production process (egg incubation, feeding, use of chemical preparations, genetically modified sources, microclimate at poultry yards, extraneous admixtures, etc.).

The institute has developed an instruction for sanitary treatment of workshops (plants) for processing poultry and eggs, production of sausage goods, ready-to-serve food, precooked foods, prepared food and canned poultry products, refrigerating chambers, freeze dehydration, transport vehicles, sanitary slaughterhouses. Besides describing chemical disinfectants, the instruction also presents a description of a system for disinfection with the use of the ultraviolet rays and ozone.

Quality as the main factor improving the competitiveness of products in the agribusiness industry

I.Yu. Kurochkin, Chief of the Division of Technical Regulation and Quality of the Products of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation

The ever growing import is one of the most important problems to be tackled by the agribusiness industry. The quality of the imported products is lower; nevertheless these products are more competitive. If no measures are taken, the volume of imports will exceed the volume of domestic production. The import into Russia of adulterated foods containing heavy metals and genetically modified components with their further sale at high prices is a serious problem faced by the agribusiness industry. I.Yu. Kurochkin said that the “excessive regimentation” and “excessive legislation” are a barrier to the development of the production. In order to survive in modern conditions, enterprises and farms must use modern technologies together with efficient management, have wide access to bank loans and pursue a wise policy.

A concept of development of national standards for processed poultry products

M.M. Pavlikova, Chief of the Laboratory for Standardization, Metrology and Introduction of Norms at the All-Russia Research Institute of the Poultry-processing Industry

The program of development of technical regulations provides for submission in 2008 to the Government of the Russian Federation of two special technical regulations: 1. “On requirements imposed on the safety of poultry meat, processed poultry meat and processes used for production of poultry products” and 2. “On requirements imposed on the safety of table eggs, egg products and processes used for their production”.

At present the Research Association “RosPtitseSoyuz (Russian Poultry Union)” actively develops technical regulations for the poultry industry together with the following research institutes: All-Russia Research Technological Institute of Poultry Farming (VNITIP) and All-Russia Research Institute of the Poultry Processing Industry (VNIIPP).

At the same time the institute examines and analyzes the base of normative documents on standardization in the poultry industry, having developed the following projects: “A concept of implementation of the federal law of the Russian Federation titled “On Technical Regulations” falling within the ambit of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation” and “A concept of formation of requirements to be imposed on the basic methods of proof as specified in the special technical regulations titled “On requirements imposed on safety of table eggs, egg products and processes of their production”. These concepts have been developed by the GU (Chief Administration) of the All-Russia Research Institute of the Poultry Processing Industry (VNIIPP) in accordance with the articles of the Federal Law No. 184-FZ of December 27, 2002 titled: ”On technical regulations” and submitted to structural divisions of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation.

Efficient utilization of low-value by-products of poultry processing

V.G. Volik, Chief of the Laboratory for Rationalization of the Utilization of Low-Value By-Products of Poultry Processing at the All-Russia Research Institute (VNII) of the Poultry-processing Industry

Because of the positive dynamic of the development of poultry, hog and fish farming one must develop a novel approach to the formation of a base of feeding stuffs in these sectors of the economy. Farmers more and more often face the problem of enrichment of feedstuffs with animal and plant proteins. According to estimates, today Russia faces a shortage of around 5-8 million tons of feed proteins per annum. The increase in the output of these industries and the ever growing prices of imported high protein sources of raw materials used for production of feedstuffs (soybean products and fishmeal) lead to a situation when the lack of feed proteins can be regarded as one major obstacle to the development of farms.

Therefore one should review the approaches to the processing and utilization of secondary raw materials by agrarian enterprises. One source of plant proteins that can be used in the near future is the grains, which are used as feed supplements all over the world.

Feather is one major reserve, which can partly or fully replace the fishmeal as a source of animal protein to be added to feedstuffs. Feather contains not less than 85% (dry weight) of keratin, a biologically valuable protein. This protein is characterized by a high content of cysteine and methionine. However the use of the feather’s keratin in production of feedstuffs is rather modest because keratin is highly resistant to mechanical, chemical and biological processing. The currently existing technologies of processing of feather (boiling in boilers, extrusion, hydrolytic splitting to a small extent) do not allow to produce protein products with digestibility of 75% or more and reduce the biological value of this product.

Egg products: world trends and Russian market

V.P. Agafonychev, Chief of the Center of High Technologies for Production and Processing of Eggs of Birds at the All-Russia Research Institute (VNII) of the Poultry-processing Industry

The International Egg Commission (IEC) is the only organization that represents the global egg industry. The report was dedicated to the production of eggs both in Russia and worldwide and food industries consuming egg products. Today those industries, which consume egg products, continue to increase their output in a stable manner and this can be regarded as a basis for stable and sustainable development of the domestic market for egg products.

Section session


Cutting-edge developments of the Giprokholod in the field of safe and cost-effective refrigerating systems

V.A. Chernyak, Director of the Chief Administration (GU) of the Giprokholod, member of the International Academy of Refrigeration

The Giprokholod institute specializes in development of projects and turnkey construction of a wide spectrum of facilities with artificial cooling or refrigeration and has a unique experience in designing: over 1500 refrigerators, ice cream factories, plants producing dry and water ice and liquid carbon dioxide, skating-rinks, ice pools and other facilities with artificial cooling or refrigeration. Our institute has designed and constructed numerous facilities both in Russia and abroad: in Iran, Morocco, Cuba, Mongolia, Vietnam, Ethiopia and other countries. In the last year the institute has performed proper work on reconstruction and remodeling of cooling and refrigerating systems improving the safety of existing ammonia cooling and refrigerating systems, in particular at the following plants and facilities: Cold store complex No. 9 (city of Moscow), fish-works “Chaika (gull)” (Vladivostok), Cold store complex (Ulianovsk), pilot cannery “Lebedianski” (Russian Agency for State Reserves, city of Lipetsk), refrigerator “Lena” (city of Bratsk), close-end joint-stock company (ZAO) “Alkor-Product” (city of Moscow), public company (OAO) “Smolensk dairy factory “Rosa (Dew)” (city of Smolensk), Atyashevski meat-packing plant (city of Saransk), Ostankinski meat-packing plant (city of Moscow), Shushenski dairy factory (village of Shushenskoye, Krasnoyarsk territory), public company (OAO) “Bryanskkholod” (city of Bryansk), confectionery producing plant “Babaevsky” (city of Moscow), etc.

During the 70 years of its existence the institute has educated prominent specialists dealing with artificial cooling and refrigeration and thanks to the work of young specialists using the cutting-edge computer technologies the institute can perform calculations and graphical work for the projects at a high technical level with excellent design.

Refrigerated warehouses and logistics

Dinara Yusipova, marketing analyst of the Institute for Research of the Physical Distribution of Commodities and Conjuncture of Wholesale Markets (ITKOR)

ITKOR is the successor of the Research Institute (NII) of Economics and Organization of Procurements and Logistics, which was established in 1966 as the leading economic institute at the Gossnab (Chief Administration of Procurements and Logistics) of the USSR. In the past years the institute has accumulated a significant experience in market researches having researched over 500 segments of the market for industrial goods and foodstuffs. The strategy of ITKOR is expansion of the market for logistic and marketing services based on a high level of satisfaction of the needs of the customers thanks to professionalism and a systemic approach with taking into account the efficient use of the key skills of the partners (in the field of their key competence). Development and maintenance of a reputation of a leading provider of logistic and marketing services, who is capable to offer to customers efficient solutions to their business problems. The institute maintains business relations with leading logistic and marketing organizations of the Russian Federation, Commonwealth of Independent States and other foreign countries.

Logistic solutions offered to companies: 1) Diagnostics of the chain of supplies and logistic system of the enterprise; 2) Analysis of logistic costs; 3) Formation of a logistic service; 4) Development of a business model of the enterprise; 5) Development of logistic strategies of enterprises; 6) Development of corporate logistic standards; 7) Development of systems for control over the physical distribution of commodities; 8) Creation of systems for distribution of products; 9) Introduction of systems of key indicators of performance.

Chilled/ Refrigerated warehouses. Low-temperature chambers and chilling tunnels “Prostor L (Space L)” for the Russian agribusiness industry.

Yu.N. Gurkov, Sales Director

“Prostor L (Space L)” is well known to enterprises in many industrial sectors as a producer of modern cooling and refrigerating equipment. High quality, reliability, long service life, simplicity of operation and maintenance – all of them are due to the use of novel technologies, skilled engineering and use of the best available components in the process of manufacture. The new strategy of “Prostor L (Space L)” provides for expansion of the targeted audience and penetration in new potentially existing markets.

“Prostor L (Space L)” operates at the markets of Russia and CIS-countries during eight years. It was launched as a small supplier of technological equipment and then developed into a leading enterprise with huge production capacities, which implements large projects relating to cooling and refrigerating.

Yury Gurkov described a novel solution, according to which air coolers are positioned outside the walls of the refrigerator. Today “Prostor L (Space L)” is a large supplier and manufacturer of a wide range of technological, cooling and refrigerating equipment. At the exhibition the company exhibited an industrial refrigerator, whose design is based on the use of Hall Screw compressor.

Specific features of distribution of frozen foodstuffs: trends and opportunities

O.V. Kovalenko, expert-analyst

Today the analysis of the question: “Will the independent distribution continue to exist or cease to exist?” is of importance. The analysis of the segment of the distribution of “refrigerated products” provides evidence of numerous threats and low appeal of the market for distributive services. Solutions to tackle the existing market threats include the following: focus on the basic functions of distribution and a combination of “low cost” strategies and differentiation. It is very important to reduce the stocks of “deeply refrigerated” products.

Designed for the purpose of aiding distributors and manufacturers: “Automation of the operations along the entire marketing chain: from the warehouse up to retail outlets”

A.A. Goryachev, Leading Manager for the Work with Corporate Customers, CDC group

The CDC (Corporate design center) group of companies is a large independent developer of software for mobile systems intended for automation of the operation of enterprises. CDC was among the first companies offering at the Russian market efficient solutions for automation of business processes in connection with itinerant trade and collection of information (mobile trade). All services of the company dealing with development, introduction and maintenance of OPTIMUM software for automation of mobile trade are committed to a strategy, according to which all automation projects must be developed both correctly and expeditiously (but with high quality).

Based on the OPTIMUM software the company has implemented simple projects of automation of the operation of small and medium-size trade enterprises and distribution (over 70 cities) systems for large companies (including transnational companies). The system efficiently automates the main business processes connected with itinerant trade and collection of information. OPTIMUM virtually maintains all business processes actually used in mobile trade. CDC also offers OPTIMUM-GIS, a geographical information system, and WMS, a system for automation of the operation of warehouses.

Presentation of the first volume of the Encyclopedia “Producers of Ice-cream in Russia and Their Partners” (A.G. Kladi, bibliographic collection of publications)

This small but very informative book is dedicated to the five thousand-year history of ice cream. The authors pay a special attention to the unique and multifaceted benefits produced by this cool delicacy and its dietary and energetic value. The book contains a lot of information for those readers, who use special diets, as well as for middle age and elderly people and parents buying ice cream for their children.

At the end of the book there is a kind of memorandum for consumers of ice cream. It contains recommendations on the correct choice of ice cream and the section titled “ice exquisite products” presents modern exotic recipes and narrates “ice cream” jokes, dreams and superstitious beliefs.

The book contains unique drawings, engravings and photos, which can be regarded as a micromuseum of ice cream illustrations. With taking into account the bibliography, one can conclude that the book can be useful for both lovers of ice cream of all ages and specialists specializing in the production and trade of this cool delicacy.

Conference hall No. 2

Gunnar Helmert, a representative of ITB, a Dutch company, and “Agronavigator”, a Russian company, made a detailed report titled Modern ventilation systems.

The ITB ventilation systems are widely exported to the Eastern European and Asian countries. The lecturer described in detail the principles of optimal ventilation of poultry farms, which take into account the parameters of premises, admissible temperature ranges, climatic features and an array of other factors. Various air-cooling systems have been presented with demonstration of variants of their location.

The report titled “Composing weaning and starter diets for piglets without animal proteins” made by Mr. Lars Sangill Andersen, HAMLET PROTEIN, Denmark, was devoted to the use of soybean proteins for feeding piglets. The cutting-edge technologies of processing of soybeans based on special biological processes allow creating highly efficient protein products for feeding piglets. The reporter has demonstrated how to compose the optimal diet for piglets beginning with the third weak of age so that the feedstuffs are highly digestible and high weight gains are ensured thanks to an efficient bioavailability of the processed soybean proteins. The reporter also answered questions on whether it is possible to use soybean products for feeding calves and poultry.

Mr. Mikhail Zhuravlev, L.B. WHITE, made a report titled “Heating of poultry and pig farms: technologies and equipment”. High-quality heating systems, which take into account both, physical principles and physiology of poultry and animals, markedly influence the performance of livestock and poultry farms and their profitability. The reporter acquainted the audience with various types of heaters: Gardian air discharge and Infraconic radiant brooders, having demonstrated the existing possibilities for an optimal combination of such systems for breeding young animals and young birds.

After the reporters made their reports, the conference participants continued to discuss the topics in the exhibition halls where the equipment and technologies mentioned by the reporters have been demonstrated.

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