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III International forum “Meat Industry. Chicken King. Frozen Foods. Technique. Technologies/VIV Russia 2004”

26.05.2004

Today, on May 26th, the International conference “Stockbreeding and Poultry Raising. Safety and Quality – the Future of the Industry” continued its work. The reports were divided according to two branches: poultry raising (conference hall, pavilion 1) and pig breeding (conference hall, pavilion 2).

Conference hall 1

The report “The Equipment and Technology for Egg Processing” of Russia/CIS Sanovo Engineering A/G, represented by Sergey Cherepanov, sales manager, opened the work of the section. The company develops and produces the equipment for egg processing. Sanovo produces the whole spectrum of machines and technologic lines for complex egg processing. It includes the machines for washing and loading, breaking and separation, pasteurization of eggs, and filter stations and centrifuges. Along side this, the company designs the systems for control and management of the production processes. Flexible approach to each customer and its wishes, aims and capacity helps to delivery from one machine up to complete turnkey factory.

David Barker of Stork PMT Company (the Netherlands) introduced the technology of poultry processing “Stork: Processing Technology Development”. On the reporter’s opinion, the demand for poultry is continuously increasing. It is tasty, good for health, promotes loss of flesh, universal and easy to cook, that is it has all the features to satisfy the modern customer’s requirements. The technologies developed by the company for poultry to meet all the above requirements were presented. Firstly, it is necessary to maintain the high quality of poultry processing. It includes the modular approach to the work with live birds, advanced technologies of stunning, accurate scalding and plucking; and electro stimulation and cooling with bletting. Besides, effective system of washing, multi-stage scalding, and automatic systems for re-weighing, gutting and other steps of technological process are required. Electronic system of quality control is used. Keeping to all technological requirements results in a wide choice of tasty products at low cost.

The associated inactivated vaccines of “AVICRON” series were presented by E. D. Dzhavadov, director general of CronVet Company. These vaccines provide birds with stable, high and long-term immunity. In comparison with monovalence and bivalence vaccines “AVICRON” series shows equally high titres. There is also an economy in man-hours (wages, time) due to one vaccination instead of two or three ones, and lower stress and the absence of immunosupression (immunodeficiency) caused by live vaccines. Another vaccine was presented by Nutratech Inc. (Canada). In her report “Antibodies of eggs against E. coli” Nadya Kennedy described the company’s products preventing animals’ intestinal diseases. The main principle of this technology is the usage of the immune system of one animal to produce the antibodies, which can fight against other animals’ diseases. The process consists of isolation of certain bacteria necessary to produce the vaccine, vaccination of a hen, and special technological processing of the yolks of resulting eggs. The application of Nutratech’s products as an alternative to antibiotics and blood plasma will help to improve the animals’ health and eliminate E. coli problems.

Conference hall 2

The report “The main causes of infection diseases of pig in industrial farms” made by Alexander Grechukhin of CronVet Ltd., Russia opened the second day of the International conference. This report was especially useful for the pig-breeders of the Nothern and Western parts of Russia. Grechukhin generalized and systemized the diseases of pigs, listed their causes and indicated the tendencies of their progressing, where economic factors prevail over epizootologic ones, upon the reporter’s opinion. The strict observance of technological process plays a great role here.

The next reporter, Hans Christian Yorgensen, coordinator of AgriTech Group, spoke about newest technologies in pig breeding, offered by the firms-members of AgriTech. It includes equipment for hoggeries, feeding and ventilation systems, mixed feed factory etc. The innovations attracted attention of Russian farmers interested in increasing their production profitability.

The health of animal is a complex of problems for the specialists. One of the most important aspects is pig breeding. In his report, Karl Weits, professor of Hanover Veterinary institute and Institute of reproductive medicine, Germany, touched upon some practical questions of artificial insemination.

The last report also concerned the animals’ health. Alexander Tardatyan (Alltech) described the positive impact of organic selenium “Sel-Plex” and interconnection between positive radicals and diseases. As a matter of fact, free radical can damage all types of biological molecules, including DNA. To avoid this, it is necessary to regulate the number of free radicals with the help of selenium, one of the antioxidants. It increase immunity and consequently the rates of insemination, viability of posterity and quality of meat products.

Forum “Health of Fowl” took place in the afternoon with the support of international poultry raising magazine.

Aviagen Ltd. (Scotland) presented report “Biological Safety as an Important Instrument of Contemporary Industrial Poultry Raising”. Chris Morrow, veterinary of the company, underlined that the base of biological safety is mainly the organization of farm area and cycle of production. It is easier to protect the section from infection when it is isolated from other area of production. Intensive cleaning and disinfection of the area is required. Age sorting also helps to prevent infections. Pedigree fund must not be subject to infections, that is why the birds with a known health status should be selected. Feed should be prepared observing hygienic conditions and kept in a biologically safe place. The most important issue is training of the staff. It is necessary to exclude the contacts of the personal with outside fowl and to prohibit keeping fowl at household. So, the advantages of biological safety are in creation of viable system of production independent of standard application of antibiotics and providing lower costs and the absence of problems connected with resistance to antibiotics and potential complications.

V. B. Kuzmina’s (Alltech Russia) report “The essence of mycotoxins and ways to overcome them” focused on practical aspects of agricultural feed being infected with mycotoxins, and their impact upon fowl. As Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nation estimates, annually about 25% of cultures are infected with mycotoxins all over the world. The location and concentrations vary from year to year due to annual weather condition changes and stress of plants. Specific conditions of fungic development and synthesis of mycotoxins vary within one spices of mould. Recently significant attention is paid to the application of binding agents which can be absorbed by the molecules of mycotoxin via ion exchange and thus prevent their absorption from the digestive canal. The report of Y. A. Bartyuk of Lohmann Animal Health Company (Germany) was dedicated to effective method of fowl vaccination.

Report “What to know about bird flu” made by Nigel Horrox, international consultant on poultry raising (Great Britain), attracted special attention of the forum participants. In this report he told that the outbursts of this disease were registered not only in Asian countries but also in the USA, Australia, Northern Europe, Holland, Italy and Great Britain. For the localization of this disease it is necessary to observe certain rules, and first of all to inform respective institution at first signs of the disease. Usually the virus of bird flu is passed via water and it is easy to kill it by means of water chlorination. However, it can live for a long period of time in cool and damp conditions. That is why it is necessary to provide three levels of safety: first level in 5 km zone outside the poultry plant, second level – inside the poultry plant and the third one – in the hen coops. Concerning the outbursts of bird flu in Asian countries, the reporter emphasized the role of mass media in this issue. It is always necessary to present the explanations of qualified specialist working in this sphere, as they can provide the most precise information.


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